Different Types Of Stoma

An artificial opening on the body to alleviate disease or discomfort is known as a stoma. In a general sense, a stoma is an opening in the abdomen to allow waste materials to leave the body. The organ sticking out on the abdomen to form an opening is the end of the small or large bowel.

With improvements in surgical procedures, doctors and surgeons have been able to create temporary stomas instead of permanent ones.

Every stoma is unique. Chances are your stoma is going to look different from the one of someone else.

A stoma is red, moist, and made up of mucous membrane. Its appearance is much like your mouth’s inner cheeks. Because there are no nerve endings in the stoma, you will not feel any pain there. While it can bleed when cleaning, it won’t last very long. If the stoma continues to bleed, contact your ostomy care nurse.


A surgically created opening in the abdomen to bring a part of the colon out is known as a colostomy. This ostomy bypasses the removed or rested part of the colon. A colostomy may be present at any point along the length of the colon.

Depending on the medical reason, a colostomy can be permanent or temporary. After colostomy surgery, you will be passing out stools from your stoma, which doesn’t have any sphincter muscles, meaning that you will not be able to control when to pass out stools.

You are going to have to wear an ostomy bag over the stoma to manage stool evacuations. Generally, you will need to empty or change the ostomy bag when it is one-third to half full.


A surgically created opening in the abdomen to bring the end of the small intestine out is known as an ileostomy. The purpose of an ileostomy is the same as that of a colostomy: passing out stools through the stoma.

Certain inflammatory conditions, such as ulcerative colitis and Crohn’s disease, result in a person requiring the removal or bypassing of the lower part of the GI tract. In the case of an ileostomy, the surgeon removes the entire colon.

Since an ileostomy passes out mostly watery stools, you are going to have to wear a drainable ostomy bag. You may have to empty your bag several times a day.


The surgically created opening to allow urine to pass out, bypassing its natural pathway, is known as a urostomy. Your doctor may recommend it when your bladder or any other lower part of the urinary tract is unable to pass out urine.

To create a urostomy, the surgeon takes a small piece of the ileum. This intestinal piece is known as the ileal conduit. It receives urine from ureters and passes out through an abdominal opening. One end of this conduit appears on the abdomen in form of the stoma.

With no voluntary control over urine evacuation, you will need to wear an ostomy bag over the stoma. You will have to empty this bag several times a day.

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